English-Style Landscaped Garden
It is not known who designed the garden plans. The park has both features of a classical landscaped garden as well as typical romantic elements. The natural shape of the terrain was skillfully used in order to create different garden areas with views and vistas. The observation terrace is especially charming with a flowered parterre, fountains and balustrade very close to the castle. The neo-classic teahouse is used today as a park restaurant. The large 36 hectare park is to be returned to its original form in the next few years with the help of a park care company.
The Prince's Pond was constructed in the north of the park in the year 1817 by Duke Ernst I. The pond was very small and so the Duke had the larger swans' pond constructed in 1826.
If you enter Rosenau Park from the north coming from Unterwohlsbach, you will encounter the picturesque swans' pond. A narrow path goes around the small body of water, benches invite you to take a break, to look and listen. The white and black swans cross over the water majestically. If they spot a walker with a few crumbs, then they will approach the bank to accept the gift. Ducks also pass by; some take off into the air quacking and fluttering. All around the willows bow down to the small lake with whistling, chirping, warbling and singing coming from their crowns. You can walk around the swans' pond comfortably in ten minutes. However, to enjoy it with all your senses, you should take the time to go around two or three times.
Rock Grotto with Waterfall
In 1809, when reconstruction of the castle and the gardens began, the "Felsen bey der Rosenau" was made. It is an artificially erected rock grotto with a waterfall that is just as artificial, which is located north of the castle on the steep bank of the Itz.
Sundial or Jousting Figure
The jousting figure close to the swans' pond was erected to commemorate the wedding of Ernst I to Dorothea Luise. On that occasion, a jousting tournament was held with the invited guests as the main attractions in armor and vestments. The jousting figure is a rectangular pillar with four coats of arms and a small sundial.
Hermitages were originally for clerics to be able to find harmony with God and nature. However, when the hermitage of Rosenau Castle was built by Duke Ernst I in 1817, it was only used as an optical design element. However, this hermitage still had some use. It conceals an ice cellar that was hewn into the rock.