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Duke Casimir

Herzog Casimir
Duke Johann Casimir of Saxony-Coburg-Gotha (1564 - 1633)
Duke Johann Casimir was born in Gotha in 1564 as the son of Duke Johann Friedrich the Middle of Saxony and Elisabeth of the House of Wittelsbach from the Electoral Palatinate.  After the death of his older brothers, only he and Duke Johann Ernst remained, with whom he later divided the principalities of Eisenach, Gotha and Coburg.
Herzog CasimirCasimir inherited the dukedom of Saxony-Coburg-Eisenach together with his brother Johann Ernst. After a division of the land, the Thuringian regions went to Johann Ernst as the dukedom of Saxony-Eisenach and the Coburg region went to Johann Casimir as the dukedom of Saxony-Coburg.

Although the reign of Casimir was in the time of the Thirty Years War, the residence experienced an urban and cultural boom during the reign of Duke Johann Casimir.  He ordered the construction of important renaissance buildings like the government building at Marktplatz and the armory in Herrngasse. He had Ehrenburg expanded and pushed ahead with the construction of the Moriz Church. He drew up the church and school regulations and politically, he was highly esteemed. The renaissance prince Casimir lived a great life, but he was also known to be cruel. He took very good care of the city but hardly ever showed mercy.

Casimir has not been forgotten by Coburg; the Casimirianum High School was founded by him.  As a tradition, his statue is always crowned on the last weekend of school. More about the history of Coburg: Guide through the City and Region of Coburg, by Verkehrsverein Coburg e.V.

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